knowing where to go, how to get that back -

so, when you have a categorization system, as you

do in a filing cabinet, as you do in an

in tray or an out tray and all the rest of it -

that is a mental process that Bruner is emphasizing

that children and young people in there learning.

They have to form their own categories. >> Mm-hm.

>> And I think that's a very important idea in congnitive psychology, actually.

It's not the teacher's categories which we often start from,

but how we make sense of things

in our own filing system, because then we know

where it was, and we know then how to retrieve it.

So, when we use things like acronyms and so on,

phone numbers and all sorts of ways of trying to

remember things - they're invented by us, not by other people.

We find our own ways of storing and retrieving information.

>> So, what do you think are the

implications for teaching based on this concept

of categorization?

>> Yeah, I think there are big implications for teaching here.

>> Mm-hm.

>> That if you go from a

teacher-centered perspective, as you have been talking about...

>> Mm-hm.

>> Then you work from the teacher's categories.

>> Mm-hm.

>> And you hope the children will remember those categories.

But if you allow children to devise their own categories,

how do you actually open the question - here's some information,

let's see and discuss, how do you categorize that in your way of thinking?

How do you?

How do you?

How do you?

And then you find that children have very different ways

of remembering and storing information in

their own quite idiosyncratic ways sometimes.

If you sit at the back of a classroom and

see a really good teacher talking in mathematics, for example,

how do you solve that problem?

How do you do your multiplication? And then this

teacher discovers there are six, seven, eight

different answers to this because children come with

their own predispositions, their own preconceptions, their own

ways of filing their thinking and their knowledge.

>> We all know about the notion of the spiral curriculum.