We invite you to a fascinating journey into Graph Theory — an area which connects the elegance of painting and the rigor of mathematics; is simple, but not unsophisticated. Graph Theory gives us, both an easy way to pictorially represent many major mathematical results, and insights into the deep theories behind them.
In this course, among other intriguing applications, we will see how GPS systems find shortest routes, how engineers design integrated circuits, how biologists assemble genomes, why a political map can always be colored using a few colors. We will study Ramsey Theory which proves that in a large system, complete disorder is impossible!
By the end of the course, we will implement an algorithm which finds an optimal assignment of students to schools. This algorithm, developed by David Gale and Lloyd S. Shapley, was later recognized by the conferral of Nobel Prize in Economics.
As prerequisites we assume only basic math (e.g., we expect you to know what is a square or how to add fractions), basic programming in python (functions, loops, recursion), common sense and curiosity. Our intended audience are all people that work or plan to work in IT, starting from motivated high school students.

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Flows and Matchings

This week we'll develop an algorithm that finds the maximum amount of water which can be routed in a given water supply network. This algorithm is also used in practice for optimization of road traffic and airline scheduling. We'll see how flows in networks are related to matchings in bipartite graphs. We'll then develop an algorithm which finds stable matchings in bipartite graphs. This algorithm solves the problem of matching students with schools, doctors with hospitals, and organ donors with patients. By the end of this week, we'll implement an algorithm which won the Nobel Prize in Economics!